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Topic: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence? 

1.  Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-12-2017 12:38
Hi,
The next EdTechNext report is focusing on artificial intelligence. These reports focus on exciting, new technological trends that are impacting learning and teaching. We would love to find examples of how artificial intelligence is currently impacting learning in the classrooms from practitioners' perspectives. Please share your examples and include specific projects and contact information.

Many thanks in advance for your help!

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Marci Giang
Director of Professional Advancement
Consortium for School Networking
(202) 470-2779
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2.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-12-2017 13:05
Today's e-school news had an article on Watson: marieb@e-mergents.com-0013000000j0cPP-0033000000q5wy5">https://www.eschoolnews.com/2017/10/12/ibm-ai-tool-teachers-tackle-math/?ps=marieb%40e-mergents.com-0013000000j0cPP-0033000000q5wy5





3.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-13-2017 15:56
Marci,
Do you have a working definition of 'Artificial Intelligence?"

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Gordon Dahlby
Senior Fellow, Center for Digital Education
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4.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-14-2017 09:22
here is the definition of Artificial Intelligence in the 2017 Horizon K-12 report.  The CoSN ET Committee is just starting on our new EdTechNext report:


Artificial Intelligence
Time-to-Adoption Horizon: Four to Five Years
In the field of artificial intelligence (AI), computer
science is being leveraged to create intelligent
machines that more closely resemble humans in
their functions. Among other facets, AI encompasses
machine learning, in which computers' capacities
for making decisions and predictions are informed
through exposure to massive data sets, and natural
language processing, which aims to help humans
interact with machines similarly to how they interact
with each other. These capabilities are driving a host
of developments in industries including health care,
financial services, and education. AI applications
have the potential to positively impact teaching and
learning by enhancing students' metacognition,
providing insights into effective pedagogies, and
relieving instructors of tedious tasks. As underlying
technologies continue to develop and become
ubiquitous, it will be important for educators to expose
students to AI to prepare them for workforce changes
and to apply critical thinking to ethical questions
arising from AI use.

Overview
International Data Corporation, a market analysis firm,
has forecast that global revenues from AI solutions will
jump from $8 billion in 2016 to over $47 billion by 2020.
AI is poised to impact many aspects of modern life; for
example, IBM's Watson for Drug Discovery used machine
learning to expedite identification of genes related
to ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. Further,
driverless cars powered by AI technology could lead to
decreased deaths on roadways and alter decisions about
where people live in relation to their workplaces.
Because of AI's potential for profound disruption to
societies, the European Economic and Social Committee
(EESC) recently recommended that the EU should create
ethical guidelines and labor strategies to be adopted
across its member states. The EESC also called for the
development of a European open-source infrastructure
to promote accessibility and sustainability in future AI
technologies.
AI systems accomplish tasks and make decisions based
on inferences drawn from machine learning or from
consumption and processing of massive data sets.
Researchers at Princeton University and the University of
Bath have shown that AI can learn and adopt racial and
gender prejudices from data sets composed of humangenerated
text. They also found that Google Translate
exhibited gender biases - when translating Turkish
sentences with gender-neutral pronouns into English,
the software dispensed "He is a doctor" and "She is a
nurse." These findings indicate a need for continued
attention to ethics in AI development; further, educators
can use these findings to spur conversations in the
classroom around psychology and design thinking in
technology. Universities are leading the charge on
investigating the application of AI to positively influence
society; UC Berkeley's Center for Human-Compatible
Artificial Intelligence seeks to design AI to reflect human
values, while USC's Center on Artificial Intelligence for
Social Solutions brings together scientists and social
workers to apply AI in addressing pervasive social
problems.
Many children are encountering AI in the home in
the form of virtual assistants such as Amazon's Alexa,
Microsoft's Cortana, and Google Home. While the
implications for children's social development and
language skills as they interact with artificially intelligent
objects are not yet known, the landscape continues
to evolve as the technologies advance. For example,
scientists at Tsinghua University in Beijing and the
University of Illinois have developed the Emotional
Chatting Machine, a chatbot that provides empathetic
responses to user input according to the user's selected
mood. This development holds potential for future AI
to assist in teaching children with autism spectrum
disorders about social interactions. These capabilities
may also impact the next generation of AI-enabled
digital assistants and interactive products.
Relevance for Teaching, Learning, or
Creative Inquiry
In the consumer sector, Facebook has articulated that
today's AI technologies cannot adequately remove hate
speech from the platform, citing the complexities of
contextual assessment that still require human work.
In the same vein, current iterations of AI in education are
not yet equipped to supplant teachers' roles in building
complex skills including critical thinking, empathy, and
creativity - crucial outcomes further discussed in the
Deeper Learning Approaches section of this report. AI can
extend teachers' abilities to foster collaborative learning
environments; a report from education company
Pearson and University College London describes the
possibilities of virtual agents facilitating and moderating
students' small-group discussions. Machine learning can also assess learner progress, providing students with
insights that promote self-awareness and self-directed
inquiry. Additionally, educators can utilize AI software
for rote, administrative tasks such as grading, allowing
more time to focus on curriculum development and
student needs.
Data from AI technologies can illuminate patterns to
help educators improve their pedagogies. For example,
students at Pakeman Primary School in London are paired
with math tutors based in India and Sri Lanka through
Third Space Learning, an online platform. AI capabilities
in the platform's software monitor the lessons and
provide instructors with real-time alerts if they speak too
quickly or fail to allow time for questions. The company
is collaborating with University College London
scientists to identify successful teaching strategies
using AI. Additionally, machine learning can enable
the personalization of instruction, while teachers
can gain insight into individual learners' journeys to
find where they struggle. The Gwinnett County Public
Schools in Georgia are piloting the Vocabulary Learning
App, a program in which learners build language skills
through activities featuring Sesame Street characters.
The app uses IBM Watson's AI technologies including
natural language processing and pattern recognition to
customize the pace of lessons for each student. Teachers
can monitor learners' progress through an instructor
dashboard.
A professor at Carnegie Mellon University has noted
that some school districts lack resources to update
computer science curricula to prepare students for an AIenabled
workforce, while other educators have not been
adequately trained to integrate AI into the classroom.
One solution is incorporating AI elements into preservice
teacher training. First Class is a virtual classroom
environment developed at Pennsylvania State University.
Pre-service teachers can interact with AI-enabled
"students" to test out teaching strategies and build skill
sets to keep learners engaged. The AI capabilities allow
future teachers to monitor virtual students' attention
levels and responses to actions such as addressing
learners by name. These simulations will better prepare
pre-service teachers for the classroom and provide initial
exposure to AI in an educational setting.
Artificial Intelligence in Practice
The following links provide examples of artificial
intelligence in use that have direct implications for K–12
education settings:
3 Ways G Suite Updates Use Machine Intelligence to
Make Classrooms More Efficient
go.nmc.org/gsuit
Google has streamlined G Suite features to save teachers
time and to ease learning for students. For example, the
Explore feature in Google Sheets uses natural language processing to create formulas using students' plain-text
questions.
IBM Watson's Chief Architect Talks Democratizing AI,
Starting with Fifth Graders
go.nmc.org/ibmai
An IBM executive works with a team of fifth-grade
girls in Westchester, New York, on AI challenges for
competitions. The group recently designed a device that
uses IBM Watson technology to deter birds from flying
into glass buildings by identifying the birds' species and
emitting predator calls.
Robot in the Classroom: AI to Sit This Year's Gaokao
Exam
go.nmc.org/gaok
AI-MATHS, an artificial intelligence system developed in
Chengdu, China, will take the National College Entrance
Exam, or Gaokao. By assessing its performance in
applying the boundaries of the written questions to the
math problems, researchers hope to better understand
how to continue development of the system's natural
language processing.
For Further Reading
The following articles and resources are recommended
for those who wish to learn more about artificial
intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence Enters the Classroom
go.nmc.org/lowai
(Nigel Roberts, NewsOne, February 2017.) While AIenabled
platforms are providing data on student
performance, not all learners have access to these
technologies in the classroom. Educators who serve
low-income students and students of color often do not
utilize AI and other technologies due to districts' lack of
funding or because their students cannot access highspeed
internet at home.
Artificial Intelligence in Schools Is Closer Than You
Think
go.nmc.org/schai
(Christine Nasserghodsi, Forbes, 17 February 2017.) The
full integration of AI in schools could mean a reimagined
approach to a typical school day. The technology will
power adaptive learning programs, constantly updated
content, high-touch personalization, and more.
Top Nine Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence
go.nmc.org/aieth
(Julia Bossman, World Economic Forum, 21 October
2016.) Emerging AI technologies are bringing ethical
issues to light. This article examines questions around
unemployment, wealth inequality, and prejudices in
machine learning.

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Keith Krueger
Chief Executive Officer
Consortium for School Networking
Washington DC
(202) 861-2676
keith@cosn.org
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5.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-14-2017 16:57
TY

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Gordon Dahlby
Senior Fellow, Center for Digital Education
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6.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-14-2017 12:41
Yes, for the time being, we're using the Wikipedia definition:

In computer science, AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal.[1] Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem solving".

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Anton Inglese
Chief Financial Officer
Batavia Public Schools
Batavia IL
(630) 937-8833
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7.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-14-2017 16:55
Teacher Advisor With Watson
Teacheradvisor remove preview
Teacher Advisor With Watson
View this on Teacheradvisor >


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Gordon Dahlby
Senior Fellow, Center for Digital Education
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8.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-15-2017 10:35
No examples currently, but had a conversation last week with a technology leader who stated they believed in the next decade, IT will become responsible for the AIs used by organizations.  Note he said plural.  Made me wonder how we start building learning for our staff around Ai.

Steve

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Steven Langford
Chief Information Officer
Beaverton School District
Beaverton OR
(503) 758-3693
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9.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-30-2017 09:52

Hello Marci! Lubbock ISD has partnered with IBM to implement the Watson Classroom. We are in the user acceptance testing phase and should be live in a month.  Not sure what your timeline is but in January we'll be able to share more about teacher's usage experience.

The product has a lot of capabilities to help teachers and the AI portion provides individualized student information to teachers for use in the classroom (element) and planning (enlight).

With enough data the product can predict what concepts students will master or struggle with, identify any precursors the student missed or needs, recommend resources to use for the student, and spotlights behavior trends. 

Preparing individualized learning plans for every student is not feasible in most cases. This product can provide one pane of glass that brings the data from all our systems and make recommendations on which resources to use for teaching a concept saving teachers a tremendous amount of time.

Steven had a great question about staff learning around AI. When school districts implement AI products, they will need to be fed data from our respective systems. Our experience has been staff won't directly develop or work on the AI product but will interface systems and applications to it. We're not escaping the nightly FTP uploads yet!



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Damon Jackson
CTO
Lubbock ISD
Lubbock TX
(806) 219-0150
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10.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 10-31-2017 12:31
Hi Marci,

Vancouver Public Schools is also partnering with IBM to implement Watson Classroom.  We will go live in February!  We are in the process of connecting our information systems so Watson has data to work with.  We are excited to see how this technology emerges over time.  The immediate benefit is Watson will help teachers understand the data regarding student progress.  This function alone, although there are many others, will help teachers differentiate for students.

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Christina Iremonger Vancouver Public Schools
Chief Digital Officer
Vancouver School District
Vancouver WA
(360) 313-1100
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11.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 11-01-2017 13:05
Hi Marci- Hall Davidson from Discovery has been doing a lot of research in this space as well- you might want to reach out to him. (hall_davidson@discovery.com)

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Paige Johnson
K-12 Education Solutions Specialist
Amazon.com, Inc.
(503) 320-1616
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12.  RE: Do you have experience with artificial intelligence?

Posted 11-02-2017 10:19
Thank you, Everyone, for your input. Really helpful!

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Marci Giang
Director of Professional Advancement
Consortium for School Networking
(202) 470-2779
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